• OpenSim
  • 25 segments
  • 158 muscles (79 per side)
  • i.e. left forelimb 18 DOFs



Stark H, Fischer MS, Andrada E (2023) The modelling of different dog breeds on the basis of a validated model. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, #13548, Springer International Publishing, (Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: 11th International Conference, Living Machines 2022, Virtual Event, July 19-22, 2022). DOI:10.1007/978-3-031-20470-8_11 / ISBN: 978-3-031204-69-2

Stark H, Fischer MS, Hunt A, Young F, Quinn R, Andrada E (2021) A three-dimensional musculoskeletal model of the dog. Sci Rep. 11(1), 11335. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-90058-0 / EISSN:2045-2322

Stark H, Andrada E, Fischer MS (2018) A three-dimensional model of the dog’s locomotor system. In: Fernandes, PR; Tavares, JMRS; Folgado, J; Quental, C; Ruben, R (eds.): Book of Abstract 15th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering and 3th Conference on Imaging and Visualization. S. 206. ISBN: 978-989-99424-5-5